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The UPDATE statement is used to modify the existing records in a table.


Single-table Syntax

UPDATE table_reference
    SET assignment_list
    [WHERE where_condition]
    [ORDER BY ...]
    [LIMIT row_count]


  • The UPDATE statement updates columns of existing rows in the named table with new values.
  • The SET clause indicates which columns to modify and the values they should be given. Each value can be given as an expression, or the keyword DEFAULT to set a column explicitly to its default value.
  • The WHERE clause, if given, specifies the conditions that identify which rows to update. With no WHERE clause, all rows are updated.
  • If the ORDER BY clause is specified, the rows are updated in the order that is specified.
  • The LIMIT clause places a limit on the number of rows that can be updated.


  • Single-table Examples
> CREATE TABLE t1 (a bigint(3), b bigint(5) primary key);
> insert INTO t1 VALUES (1,1),(1,2);
> update t1 set a=2 where a=1 limit 1;
> select * from t1;
| a    | b    |
|    2 |    1 |
|    1 |    2 |


Multiple-table Syntax is not supported for now.