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Subqueries with ANY or SOME

Description

Comparison operators (=, >, < , etc.) are used only on subqueries that return one row. SQL Subqueries with ANY, you can make comparisons on subqueries that return multiple rows. ANY evaluate whether any or all of the values returned by a subquery match the left-hand expression.

Subqueries that use the ANY keyword return true when any value retrieved in the subquery matches the value of the left-hand expression.

note

The word SOME is an alias for ANY.

Syntax

> SELECT column_name(s) FROM table_name WHERE column_name ANY (subquery);

Examples

> create table t1 (a int);
> create table t2 (a int, b int);
> create table t3 (a int);
> create table t4 (a int not null, b int not null);
> create table t5 (a int);
> create table t6 (a int, b int);
> insert into t1 values (2);
> insert into t2 values (1,7),(2,7);
> insert into t4 values (4,8),(3,8),(5,9);
> insert into t5 values (null);
> insert into t3 values (6),(7),(3);
> insert into t6 values (10,7),(null,7);
> select * from t3 where a <> any (select b from t2);
+------+
| a    |
+------+
|    6 |
|    3 |
+------+
2 rows in set (0.00 sec)

> select * from t3 where a <> some (select b from t2);
+------+
| a    |
+------+
|    6 |
|    3 |
+------+
2 rows in set (0.00 sec)

> select * from t3 where a = some (select b from t2);
+------+
| a    |
+------+
|    7 |
+------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

> select * from t3 where a = any (select b from t2);
+------+
| a    |
+------+
|    7 |
+------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

> select a,b from t6 where a >  any ( select a ,b from t4 where a>3);
ERROR 1105 (HY000): subquery should return 1 column

Constraints

MatrixOne does not support selecting multiple columns for the subquery.